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Glossary of Terms

Sometimes our terminology can be confusing for the average person! We hope this handy glossary of terms below will help clarify what Data Ninjas can do for you! Should you have any questions about these terms, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us directly! We love questions!

Glossary of Terms

Access Control Systems

An Access Control System allows for keyless entry to highsensitivity areas, which means a special ID card is required to gain entry. Access control cards work in conjunction with card readers that are situated by entrances to buildings or highsecurity areas within a facility. The card is swiped or waved in front of the reader, which processes and verifies the information on the card before allowing access. This process is more secure than keyed entry because if an access control card is ever lost, or makes its way into the wrong hands, it can simply be deactivated. It’s also virtually impossible to duplicate the cards, unlike standard keys.

Audio/Visual (A/V)

A quality A/V system brings flawless picture and sound to any home or business, via customized and precisely placed televisions and speakers.

Automation and Control Equipment

Automation and Control Equipment is required for the integration and control of buildingwide subsystems.

Data Drops

A data drop refers to the point at which telecommunication devices are plugged into the wall to connect to the cabling within the building. For office users, this includes landlines, computers, printers, fax machines, etc.

Equipment Racks

Equipment racks are required for housing and interconnection of all systems electronic in a building.


Fiber optic cables transmit data via fasttraveling pulses of light. Another layer of glass, called “cladding,” is wrapped around the central fiber and causes light to repeatedly bounce off the walls of the cable rather than leak out at the edges, enabling the single to go farther without attenuation.

Lighting Control

Lighting control equipment is required for integration and controlling premise lighting.


A qualified programmer plays a large part in not only delivering, but also defining the system functionality and user experience. Most A/V programmers have the responsibility of developing a modern, effective user interface design.

Remote Diagnostic Systems

These products have the ability to remote into devices for troubleshooting, updating, and making changes to existing system.

Security Equipment

Security equipment is required for a perimeter security system, including door and window contacts, motion and smoke detectors, keypads and the central control panel.

Structured Cabling

Roughin wire and materials required to support the voice/video/data systems

Video Surveillance

A video surveillance system / CCTV is composed of a system of security cameras, monitors/display units, and recorders. Cameras may be applied to indoor and exterior areas of a building or property and can be monitored and/or recorded 24/7.